Common Eye Conditions



Cataracts are one of the most common causes of vision loss, especially as we age. A Cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye that causes haziness and blurred vision. Since most cataracts are part of the normal aging process, they cannot be reversed. There are no medications or eye drops that will make cataracts go away. Surgery is the only treatment for this condition. But before surgical treatment is determined, your ophthalmologist needs to monitor your vision regularly for any changes. Together, you can decide if cataract surgery is appropriate for you.


Diabetic Retinopathy:

Diabetes is the leading cause of adult blindness in the U.S.  Having elevated blood sugar levels damage small blood vessels throughout the body, including the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is general term for all disorders of the retina caused by diabetes. It is the most common type of eye disease related to diabetes. In early stages of Diabetic Retinopathy it is often painless. However, as the eye disease progresses, changes in the vision may occur: small patches of vision loss, colors seem to be washed out or changed, and straight lines look bent or warped.  Prevent further vision loss by having your eyes examined by an ophthalmologist.



Glaucoma is the leading cause of irreversible vision loss. Glaucoma is caused by  built up of fluid in the eye and overtime, causes damage to the optic nerve fibers. Initial therapy usually consists of topical medications or laser treatment to lower the intraocular pressure.  Without treatment, elevated intraocular pressure can damage the optic nerve that can lead to loss of vision and even blindness.  Signs of progressive glaucoma begin of loss of side vision known as peripheral vision. Glaucoma is often asymptomatic. Early diagnosis and treatment can help preserve sight in people with glaucoma.


Detached and Torn Retina

A retinal detachment occurs when the retina is pulled away from its normal position in the back of the eye. The retina sends visual images to the brain through the optic nerve. When detachment occurs, vision is blurred.  The symptoms could be floaters or seeing a gray curtain or veil moving across your field of vision. However, the symptoms described may not be necessarily indicate you have a detached retina. Call your eye doctor for a complete exam.


Dry Eye Syndrome

Insufficient tears to lubricate and nourish the eyes result in dry eyes. Tears are important to maintain the healthiness of the front surface of the eye and for providing clear vision. This condition is common and often chronic especially among in older adults. Dry eyes can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination by your ophthalmologist.


Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

Age-Related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of irreversible severe visual loss in people over 50 years of age.  It occurs when the small central portion of the retina, known as the macula, deteriorates. The retina is the light-sensing nerve tissue at the back of the eye. It is very important for people with macular degeneration to see their eye doctor on a regular basis.


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